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Made in Greece

Demetra Messala

Demetra Messala was a Greek woman, married to Arno Breker, one of the most famous sculptors of the XX century and best known for being the favourite sculptor of Adolf Hitler and Albert Speer and for his prolific career during National Socialist Germany.

Breker first met Demetra Messala in Paris, which at that time was the “center of modern sculpture”. There Breker not only had the opportunity to meet a number of extraordinary individuals including Jean Cocteau and Alfred Flechtheim, among others, but also his future wife, of whom he would make a sculpture in 1933. Demetra, the daughter of a Greek diplomat in Paris, had been a model who used to pose for prominent artists such as Picasso and Aristide Maillol – the latter would later describe Breker as “Germany’s Michelangelo”.

Later on, Demetra Messala stopped her model career to pursue a career as an art merchant. In 1934, Messala and Breker moved to Germany, where the latter would eventually become the Nazis’ favourite sculptor, as his works represented the antithesis of so-called “degenerate art”.

Before gaining the affection of Hitler, however, Breker had to undergo adversities, as it was difficult for him to gain a foothold in the Reich’s capital city under the new conditions which existed there. After 7 years abroad, Breker was called “the Frenchman” and was looked down as non-meritory. Adversities included paradoxes such as being accused by Alfred Rosenberg (the editor of the Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter) of being a degenerate artist (!), or his wife Demetra being suspected of being Jewish (!). Despite these handicaps, because Demetra Messala had by then become a succesful international art dealer and because she belonged to a Greek well-to-do family, the couple had little financial concerns.

From 1936 onwards, the situation improved as Breker and Messala began to enjoy the privileges of being affiliates of top Nazi leaders. Breker was appointed professor of sculpture at the College for Educational Arts in Berlin, and the couple lived comfortably in a large house 75 km East of Berlin. They attended the most exclusive events in Nazi Germany, and were seen in intimate company of Hitler at his private parties in a number of occasions, including at Hitler’s hideout in Berchtesgaden.

However, things would be slighlty different after the Nazi defeat in 1945. After the German downfall, the Americans identified Arno and Demetra, but were not prosecuted heavily. They only intended to let the denazification board examine thier record and determine their fate. The Americans merely kept an eye on them and helped them move north to the town of Wemding near Nördlingen in October 1945. They were given a thirteen-room house, a luxury at a time when space was extremely precious. Demetra Messala was also able to purcahse an automobile, a really prized object in the Allies-occupied Germany. Later on, in a June 1946 letter, Messala would defend the acquisition as being “for the procurement of materials, like plaster, clay, stone samples, and tools”.

In any case, in an area flooded with homeless refugees, Arno and Demetra enjoyed privileged provisions, and in fact Breker’s work was mostly not interrumped through the culmination of the war and the ensuing persecution of former Nazi firstliners.

Demetra Messala would die in a car accident in 1956, but his husband would not die until 1991, at age 91. Despite being stigmatized for his public works in the Nazi regime, he never stopped getting work requests. In 1978, Breker was elected by the Greek government to produce a 10-meters tall sculpture of Alexander the Great, intended to be located in Greece, the country that inspired his art.

Comments 6

  1. Vince Delmonte wrote:

    If you ever want to see a reader’s feedback :) , I rate this post for 4/5. Detailed info, but I have to go to that damn msn to find the missed parts. Thank you, anyway!

    Posted 15 Apr 2009 at 3:06 am
  2. demosthenes k. wrote:

    I am surprising with the very fine work about this Greek lady. But possibly some details need more research. In 1971, in Athens Hilton, sitting in Byzantino cafe, I was personally informed by famous choreographer and dancer Serge Lifar that Demetra lost her life much earlier than 1956, in 1945. An other information from the living son of Greek actor Michis Iakovides says that Breker met Demetra in 1934 or 1935 in Athens when she was working at Goutakis stores in Stadiou street, Athens. The poet Titos Patrikios gives similar details, saying that Demetra, her mother and sister were living in Exarchia (then Neapolis) in some rooms rented to them by his grandma. By the way, Jean Cocteau in his autobiography shows Demetra “reading” Hitler’s palame etc. Johann Voulpiotis, son-in-law of von Siemens, has told me in 1970′s that Demetra and husband helped Greece by several ways. Petros Haris, of the intellectual magazine “Nea Hestia”, also had told me about Demetra’s successful effort from Berlin (in 1944!) to free Elias Venezis. Melpo Fafaliou, a famous dancer in 1930′s, then married to Thanos Kapsalis, cigarette manufacturer (Papastratos) and politician, later to Piero Parini, knew also Demetra in period 1937-40 at least and gave me some more memories about her. I give all this if they could be useful for more research possibly.

    Posted 31 Jul 2011 at 9:46 am
  3. Ethnikr wrote:

    Thanks a lot Demosthenes for a wonderful information on Demetra Messala!

    Posted 12 Aug 2011 at 8:22 pm
  4. Dimitris wrote:

    Dimitra was my mother’s Auntie. There was a car accident where she put herself in front of one of her cook’s children. My mother details are vague. The nurse that cared for her started having an affiar with Arno and the Chauffaur warned my mother that it would be better for Dimitra to be cared for in Athens. She came briefly in 1955?, but went back to Germany where she died a few months later. The Nurse later married Arno. I met them in 1978 (I think) and Arno gave us a lovely scultpure.

    Posted 26 Jan 2014 at 7:22 pm
  5. admin wrote:

    Thank you Dimitri for sharing your personal memories on Demetra’s late years. Very interesting and revealing!

    Posted 05 Mar 2014 at 10:29 pm
  6. http:// wrote:

    Superbe article, j’en discuterai dans la soirée avec certains de mes collègues

    Posted 18 Jul 2014 at 11:26 am

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