Demetra Messala

Demetra Messala and Arno Breker at Hitler's nest in Berchtesgaden (Kehlsteinhaus)
Demetra Messala and Arno Breker at Hitler’s nest in Berchtesgaden (Kehlsteinhaus)

Demetra Messala was a Greek woman, married to Arno Breker, one of the most famous sculptors of the XX century and best known for being the favourite sculptor of Adolf Hitler and Albert Speer and for his prolific career during National Socialist Germany.

demetra-messala-04Breker first met Demetra Messala in Paris, which at that time was the “center of modern sculpture”. There Breker not only had the opportunity to meet a number of extraordinary individuals including Jean Cocteau and Alfred Flechtheim, among others, but also his future wife, of whom he would make a sculpture in 1933. Demetra, the daughter of a Greek diplomat in Paris, had been a model who used to pose for prominent artists such as Picasso and Aristide Maillol – the latter would later describe Breker as “Germany’s Michelangelo”.

Later on, Demetra Messala stopped her model career to pursue a career as an art merchant. In 1934, Messala and Breker moved to Germany, where the latter would eventually become the Nazis’ favourite sculptor, as his works represented the antithesis of so-called “degenerate art”.

demetra-messala-03Before gaining the affection of Hitler, however, Breker had to undergo adversities, as it was difficult for him to gain a foothold in the Reich’s capital city under the new conditions which existed there. After 7 years abroad, Breker was called “the Frenchman” and was looked down as non-meritory. Adversities included paradoxes such as being accused by Alfred Rosenberg (the editor of the Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter) of being a degenerate artist (!), or his wife Demetra being suspected of being Jewish (!). Despite these handicaps, because Demetra Messala had by then become a succesful international art dealer and because she belonged to a Greek well-to-do family, the couple had little financial concerns.

demetra-messala-01From 1936 onwards, the situation improved as Breker and Messala began to enjoy the privileges of being affiliates of top Nazi leaders. Breker was appointed professor of sculpture at the College for Educational Arts in Berlin, and the couple lived comfortably in a large house 75 km East of Berlin. They attended the most exclusive events in Nazi Germany, and were seen in intimate company of Hitler at his private parties in a number of occasions, including at Hitler’s hideout in Berchtesgaden.

However, things would be slighlty different after the Nazi defeat in 1945. After the German downfall, the Americans identified Arno and Demetra, but were not prosecuted heavily. They only intended to let the denazification board examine thier record and determine their fate. The Americans merely kept an eye on them and helped them move north to the town of Wemding near Nördlingen in October 1945. They were given a thirteen-room house, a luxury at a time when space was extremely precious. Demetra Messala was also able to purcahse an automobile, a really prized object in the Allies-occupied Germany. Later on, in a June 1946 letter, Messala would defend the acquisition as being “for the procurement of materials, like plaster, clay, stone samples, and tools”.

demetra-messala-02In any case, in an area flooded with homeless refugees, Arno and Demetra enjoyed privileged provisions, and in fact Breker’s work was mostly not interrumped through the culmination of the war and the ensuing persecution of former Nazi firstliners.

Demetra Messala would die in a car accident in 1956, but his husband would not die until 1991, at age 91. Despite being stigmatized for his public works in the Nazi regime, he never stopped getting work requests. In 1978, Breker was elected by the Greek government to produce a 10-meters tall sculpture of Alexander the Great, intended to be located in Greece, the country that inspired his art.

Demetra Messala

BBBB

The BBBB is the acronym of the Greek Empire of the Middle Ages, most known by the name Byzantine Empire or, among Western Europeans, as “Imperium Graecorum” (“Empire of the Greeks”). Spanning from year 395, when the old Roman Empire was split into a Western (Latin) Roman Empire and a Eastern (Greek) Roman Empire, until 1453, when the Byzantine Empire’s capital city Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire, the Greek Medieval Empire was the most lasting empire in Europe ever, even more than the original Roman Empire or the Holy Roman Empire (which lasted from year 962 to 1806).

The four B’s at BBBB stand for the Byzantine Imperial motto, “Basileus Basileon, Basileuon Basileuonton”, which in Greek means “King of Kings, ruling over Kingdoms”.

Serbians, who for their most part of the Middle Ages were part of the Byzantine Empire, have a similar acronym in their national shield, CCCC. In the Serbian case, the four C’s stand for “Samo Sloga Srbina Spasava” (“Only Unity Saves the Serbs”). As in the Greek case, every word of the phrase begins with a “S” letter, which in Cyrillic characters is written as a “C” (source).

BBBB

Interview with a Greek volunteer of the Bosnian wars

From April of 1992 when the war began in the formerly united Yugoslavia until November of 1995 when it ended, a considerable amount of Greeks between 18 to 35 years of age took part in it as volunteers within the ranks of the Bosnian Serb army.

Some were wounded, some were ignored by luck. Inside the book “The Journey of a Volunteer” by Kiriakos Katharios will appear some addressed with their first names.

The book does not have the aim to heroize all of these youths.

However, it is certain that in this Greece, the Greece of loaned luxury and historical amnesia, existed a few Greeks that walked against the current, who by surpassing themselves also surpassed the soul of this Greece, who were killed and wounded, who the world talked about, whose free flight embodied the idea of strong patriotism and free boldness.

About these Greeks you will read, with their weaknesses and their virtues, their thoughts and ideas, the Greek volunteers.

One of these is Kiriakos Katharios, author of the book “The Journey of the Volunteer” (published by Pelasgos) in which he described his memories from his participation in the war of Serbia. Let’s see what he said the past Wednesday to “Eleftheros Kosmos”:

Mr. Katharios, what made you abandon your family in Greece and go to Bosnia to help the Serbs?

That I believed that this was how I was helping my country. I didn’t say anything to my parents, they didn’t know. When they found out, they were shocked.

Do you regret today for that action?

Never, my friend, I never regretted it.

In Bosnia did you participate in war operations?

In major war operations, no. I was on the border and our work was to control our sector. We made patrols, we enterted Muslim territory. I didn’t participate in a major battle, only in psychological operations which were going on pretty much daily.

The Humanists and Billards

Was your unit only Greeks or were there also other nationalities?

Greeks were scattered in various regions. In my unit we were only two Greeks.

Generally, what was the action of Greek nationalists in Bosnia? Did Greeks engage in martial activities?

Firstly, I must tell you about my ideology. It’s not what they call right or far-right and so on. Therefore, I don’t know if your question about “Greek nationalists” conveys the ideology of those who went to Bosnia. Because each person went there for his own reasons and I can’t speak on behalf of everyone. Regarding the other, yes: There were Greeks who engaged in martial activities. In the book I describe a battle that happened, it’s the only recorded battle. Naturally, there were others which haven’t been recorded.

Because some sly individuals, Mr. Katharios, claim that you were playing billiards in Bosnia and now masquerade as old warhorse veterans.

Those who say that we were playing billiards should have been there so that we could have played billiards.

With your truly readable and revealing book, what exactly do you want to achieve? Why do you publicize your experiences?

So this history doesn’t remain forgotten, too; so it’s not lost. So that it appears that at one time, some Greeks went over there. So that a deposit is left to future generations, on how when people are bold and want something, they can achieve it. As long as they love their country.

They defame us and place our lives in danger

Did you have anything to do with the famous “massacre of Srebrenica”?

No, none.

Because some “humanistic” organizations and individuals like Andreas Andrianopoulos try to criminalize the action of Greek comrades in Bosnia. What do you have to say to them?

I must tell you that all of them lie brazenly. There is no evidence against the Greeks. Not even the Muslim government has said the smallest thing about the allegedly criminal actions of Greeks. The people you speak of have created this story by themselves, for their own reasons. Therefore, we must examine their motives…

Agreed. What is your opinion about the “Massacre of Srebrenica”?

As presented in the press, the “Massacre of Srebrenica” is a lie. I will tell you following: The history of the raising of the Greek Flag at Srebrenica I gave myself to the press, in the summer of 1995.

For what reason did you give it?

The guys called me, they told me and we arranged to give it to the press, without the existence of some particular reason. Indeed, the individuals who exposed this fact were such great war criminals that they gave their names. Ironically, I say this, right? I gave the names to “Ethnos”, the newspaper.

Basically you think that nothing will finally happen with all of this story to criminalize the action of the Greeks who fought in Bosnia?

Naturally! Be certain of the fact that if these gentlemen had the slightest evidence against us, presently we would have problems. But I ask you this: Will there be a prosecutor that will take action against them? Because they slander Greek citizens and place their lives in danger. Shouldn’t there exist a prosecutor to chase away these gentlemen?

Regarding the arrests of Serbian Nationalists that are accused of committing genocides against Muslims, what do you have to tell us? Some of them have been convicted of the heaviest sentences.

I want to tell you something: There exists a systematic campaign of calumny against the Serbs in general. Yes, there were Greeks that were involved in battles. I don’t know what Karadzic and Mladic did, so let’s leave them out of this. We’re talking about the low ranking officials, which have been arrested. I don’t know how much these people could be criminals. With the same logic for the arrests of Karadzic and Mladic, Tudjman and Izetbegovic and all of them should have been arrested. However, this did not happen. I will tell you something though: Naser Oric, commander of Muslim forces in Srebrenica, was accussed of war crimes which he indeed committed. They arrested him, put him on trial, and he was freed after several months. This says everything.

Mr. Katharios, we thank you warmly for everything you’ve told us.

And I thank you. Friend, I want to add the following: In the presentation that you will make in the newspaper, I want you to write what I said, to convey what I said with precision; don’t write whatever you want…

We promise, mr. Katharios, that we will record it word for word.

Interview with a Greek volunteer of the Bosnian wars

Heidegger and Greece

The celebrated German philosopher Martin Heidegger believed there definetely exists a special affinity between Greece and Germany. According to him, Greeks and Germans shared a very similar, almost identic, mindset regarding politics, philosophy, language, religion, morals, values, spirituality, ethics and aesthetics.

For instance, to Heidegger Germany was the heir to the Greek tradition of language and thought. The Greek and German languages were original and intelligent languages. All other languages in Europe had been Latinized, which to Heidegger meant corrupted. Heidegger believed that when Frenchmen thought, they spoke in German. The Greeks were the first to attempt to get to the meaning of Being, and the Germans were the only ones capable of rising from the rubble of Western Civilization to resurrect the tradition.

Adolf Hitler shared a similar view. He wrote in Mein Kampf that “Our passionate struggle must have great challenges: a whole civilization is fighting for its existance, and this civilization shall last millions of years because it will embrace and combinate Hellenism and Germanism�. Hitler refered to Germany as “the new Greece� and the SS-chief Heinrich Himmler often claimed National Socialist Germany to be “a modern version of Sparta�. To many ideologists of German National Socialism, Greece was Germany’s “spiritual homeland�.

Heidegger and Greece

Völkerschlachtdenkmal

Following our artwork series on nationalist monuments in Europe (Foro Italico, Hermannsdenkmal), we have now completed a new gallery. This time is about the German Völkerschlachtdenkmal (German for “Monument of the Battle of the Nations”), one of Germany’s nationalist landmarks and the largest monument in Europe.

The Völkerschlachtdenkmal is located in Leipzig, in the former DDR. It is said to stand on the spot of the bloodiest fighting, where Napoleon saw his army defeated. The structure is 91 metres tall, making it, according to some, the tallest monument in Europe. The monument is widely regarded as one of the best examples of Wilhelmine architecture and is, like the Hermannsdenkmal, a fine example of German muscularism.

The gigantic statuary which dominates the entire structure is intended to evoke mythic images of Germanic heroism, of the sort propounded by Richard Wagner. If the monument has a nationalist tone, however, then it is in the sense that a nation should be united rather than split into parts that are forced to fight each other, as Germans were obliged to in the battle which the Völkerschlachtdenkmal honours.

Visit Völkerschlachtdenkmal »

Völkerschlachtdenkmal

Rudolf Hess was partly Greek. Confirmed.

Many years ago I read somewhere that Rudolf Hess was partly Greek. I knew that the Abwehr’s leader Wilhelm von Kanaris was of Greek origin too (as was Herbert von Karajan), but I had no idea about Rudolf Hess’ Greek ascendence. Since then I was intrigued about this claim, but never researched it.

Yesterday I encountered that claim again on the Wikipedia’s entry about Rudolf Hess. Since the Wikipedia should not be taken as a fully reliable source, now I did want to further investigate this affirmation. This claim is also present in many other parts, including this article, which goes to a stunning level of detail assuring that Rudolf Hess’ mother “was a Greek woman who stayed at home with the kids.”

I’ve been researching about this claim online and offline, and finally I’ve found a primary source alleging it – a book by a published author. It is contained within the book “Aima kai Gi” (Athens, 2001), of which I include a scan of the paragraphs mentioning it. The book explains that Hess’ real second surname was Georgiadis.

So here we have it. Confirmed and documented with a primary source for the first time on the Internet: Rudolf Hess was partly Greek.

It may sound strange to some (certainly not me), but as I’ve learnt Rudolf Hess was not the only Nazi leader to have not pure German ancestry:

  • Alfred Rosenberg’s father was from Latvia, her mother was from Estonia. Both appear to be Baltic Germans
  • Ernst Wilhelm Bohle was born in Bradford in UK and he had duel nationality until 1937
  • Baldur von Schirach mother’s was American
  • Walther Richard Darré was born in Argentina, of French Hugonote ancestors
  • Hjalmar Schacht’ father was Danish
Rudolf Hess was partly Greek. Confirmed.

The Greek race, an anthropological phenomenon.

Summer is always a nice time to read about those indepth topics we can’t read the rest of the year. A great topic is the great miracle that is the Greek race is. Greeks live in the same corner of Europe they were living 4,000 years ago. Greeks speak the same language they spoke 4,000 years ago. Greeks write the same alphabet they used 4,000 years ago.

Despite the two only conquests we’ve underwent (Roman and Ottoman), we have preserved our fatherland so well that we live in the same place Achilles or Hercules did. Ruins and remnants from the ancestors are around our neighborhoods, so the bind with our forefathers is not only spiritual but physical too. We have preserved our racial language so well that a Greek of today could understand a Greek of the Trojan Wars. We have preserved our alphabet so well that a Greek of today can read writings from a Greek of the Periclan Era such as Plato as if it had been written by his father, with an ease that would shock non-Greeks.

We share our fatherland with no other country, we share our language with no other nation, we share our language with no other people. We are Greeks, descendants from Zeus, an unparalled anthropological phenomenon.

The Greek race, an anthropological phenomenon.

Das Ahnenerbe in Greece

Ahnenerbe

At Ethniko.net I’ve been researching about the Ahnenerbe, the Ancestral Heritage Research and Teaching Society which was founded in July 1935 by Heinrich Himmler, Hermann Wirth and Richard Walter Darré. The society was originally devoted to scientific and pseudo-scientific researches concerning the anthropological and cultural history of the German ethnic group, and to identify the wellsprings of the Aryan race.

I’ve focused in the Ahnenerbe activities in Greece, and I’ve found that it is an extremely obscure topic. To shed some light on this interesting issue, I ‘ve written an original article about the Ahnenerbe in Greece, which you can download as PDF.

Ahnenerbe in Greece

No copyleft. Respect the author’s copyrights.

Das Ahnenerbe in Greece

Hermannsdenkmal

At Ethniko we’ve just launched another project, this time about the Hermannsdenkmal, the famous German monument erected in 1875 to commemorate Hermann the Cheruscian. Hermann (or Arminius) was the war chieftain who leaded the Germanic tribes to defeat the Roman legions in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, in 9 AD.

The project is a very small one, yet it may have its impact for visitors on the beauty of the Hermannsdenkmal, which is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Germany.

We look forward your comments and opinions.

Hermannsdenkmal

Plagiarism

Kunstkampf has been victim of a minor case of classical Internet plagiarism. This man has copied the name of Kunstkampf, the baseline behind it “Kampf durch Kunst” (Struggle through Art), and has even copied the look and feel of our monicker (brackets, Impact thypeface…). He has only changed the slogan to “Kraft durch Kunst” (Strength through Art). Let the world know it.

Our original name, monicker and slogan:


The copy:

Plagiarism